Prasidial ordinance for more competition and for a “right to repair”
On friday afternoon, us prassident joe biden introduced a prasidial distribution for more competition and against the increasing market concentration in many industries. Central maws against big tech are the sharp control of buying the competition and the scales of competitive practices against smaller sellers. The federal trade commission is intended to adopt new rules against the lease of data on consumers and these should be a right to repair their mobile phones and their tractors themselves – a fight to the "monitoring capitalism".
The increasing market concentration in the health sector, in the banking sector, in agriculture or the provider market more expensive many products for the burger. They increased the prere on wage development at the unfavorable workers and brake innovation, argues the bid government trimmed to numerous studies, including the 450-pine congress freak to the practices of gross platforms. In three quarters of all industries today a smaller number of companies control the market than 20 years ago, it is called in the information sheet on the regulation. The commercial margins had tripled, at the same time the leans were broken by 17 percent and the number of start-ups was halved compared to the 1970s (see chart).
He was a proud capitalist, said biders at signing. But capitalism without competition tommy for exploitation. With the regulation, a dozen us federal agents, including the ministry of justice and the federal trade commission (ftc), are called upon to enforce the existing competition and cartel rules rigoros. The woman house is also one "competition council" insert.
A total of 72 individual supervisor has bidents. They range from parallel imports of cheaper versions of prescription drugs from canada over improved relocation rights for bank customers to the support of small farmer markets and requirements for the correct award of meat products to support small farmers.
Protection against isp lock-ins and big tech data clause
In the area of internet service providers, biders covered, for example, to hinder the choice of consumers for their network provider through deals between network providers and home societies. The providers are to be imposed short-term sound periods and price transparency. The federal communication commission alleged biders to re-enter the provisions of the network neutritat from trump.
Chapter "technology" standing the prevention of kill-buy on the program, so buying and troubles of young companies through the gross, which are so competition from the body. Also the practice taken at the congress irrigation of google, amazon, facebook and microsoft, where the platforms small providers can expand on their platforms by copying their offers, should be prevented. Two concrete work propries to the ftc in biden’s arrangement are the creation of new provisions against the "disability to repair mobile access by third parties" and new ftc rules against the monitoring and data collection practices of the platforms.
In order to underline the concerted action in the field of competition policy, ftc boss lina khan announced shortly after signing, her authority will undergo the currently applicable guidelines for the merger control of a tough review. "We have to ensure that the merger control is adapted to current market terms and findings from the practice and to be inspected company purchases with the skepticity offered by the law", so the ftc boss according to press release. Saved ftc guidelines for merger control could, as observer, also moving the currently rather rather rather praise practice of the courts, as they also orient themselves in such a directive.
Us media already called bids competition ordinance historical. But the american facebook critic roger mc name spoke against a highly welcome, but at most first step, to the further follow, if you wanted to turn around the wheel of the concentration of platforms.
The decision-making regulation must be underpinned by statutory provisions, so mc name, because the regulation can be repealed from artistic administrations. In addition, laws in the field of safety or liability of the platforms for grassy damage, for example, by a new regulation and data protection urgently necessary.
"We are still quite away from such laws", said mc name. First legislative preliminary competition against the coarse tech platforms had blocked democratic deputies from california. The caught argument of workplace losses calls mc name absurd, because the splitting of att has created the telephone market and later the internet. The competition against microsoft has produced google. "The smashing of monopolies has historically created more and more jobs." but you have to do it with a powerful opponent, so mc name.